Exercise can help manage the debilitating pain of bulging discs. Certain types of stretching exercises relieve pain and strengthen the muscles to prevent further injury. You can have a stronger, less painful back if you learn which exercises can help and how to do those exercises properly.
Exercise Safety with a Bulging Disc
Whatever the nature of your disc bulge, you must consult a health care professional before you begin a series of exercises to make sure that you can safely perform the exercises without incurring further injury. Your physical therapist or osteopath will be able to determine what you can best do to make your stretching the most effective and least potentially damaging. They can also recommend specific exercises for your current fitness level.
Basic Stretching Exercises to Treat Bulging Discs
Try these stretching exercises for a bulging disc to manage pain and strengthen the muscles in the back. With each of these exercises, be careful not to stretch beyond your comfort point and stop if it causes pain. Follow your doctor or physical therapist's recommendations for performing the exercises.
The pelvic tilt strengthen the lower back muscles and improves posture. Do five repetitions in the beginning and work your way up to ten a day.
- Lie down on your back on the floor, knees bent, with either a towel or mat to give you some cushioning.
- Gently tighten the buttocks and abdominal muscles so that your back flattens to the floor completely.
- Tilt the pelvis upwards.
- Hold for a count of five.
- Return to your original position.
- Arch the lower back so that the pelvis tilts downwards.
- Hold for a count of five, and then relax.
The knee-to-chest stretch helps strengthen abs and supportive back muscles. Repeat the exercise with both knees two to three times daily.
- Lie with your back on the floor and your knees bent.
- Using your abdominal muscles, raise one knee towards the chest as far as it can go without strain.
- Grip the knee with your hands, breathing evenly.
- Hold for a count of five.
- Lower the leg, again using the abs.
- Repeat with the other leg.
Shoulder Blade Stretch
The shoulder blade stretch involves squeezing the shoulder blades. It helps relieve tense muscles and can help alleviate pain. It helps to perform this exercise in an armless chair. Do up to five repetitions twice daily.
- Start with straight back, chin tucked in and arms relaxed at your sides.
- Pull your shoulder blades together slowly to feel the pull. Loosen the squeeze if it the movement causes pain.
- Hold for a count of five, breathing.
- Release and relax.
The bridge will strengthen the back and neck. Start with five repetitions of the exercise and then gradually work your way up to 20.
- Lie on your back with bent knees and place your feet flat on the ground to begin.
- Tighten your abs and glutes. Keep your head and shoulders relaxed.
- Raise your hips off the floor until they are aligned in a straight line from the knees to the shoulders area.
- Hold the position for a count of five, taking deep breaths, and then relax.
You can use advanced stretches to further increase your mobility. Add exercises like the following as you get more used to stretching exercise for bulging discs.
Lower Back Rotational Stretch
The lower back rotational stretch strengthens your back and quadriceps, while also working your abdominal muscles. As with any problems involving a weak back, strengthening the abdominal muscles is a key part of ongoing health and fitness. Repeat the sets eight times.
- Lie down flat on your back with knees bent and feet planted flat on ground.
- Keeping your back and shoulder on the ground, roll your bent knees to the left until they touch the floor or as close to the floor as you feel comfortable.
- Hold for five counts.
- Roll your knees to the right until they touch the floor.
- Hold for a count of five.
- Relax legs and rest.
Back extensions are an important stretch to reduce fluid and improve flexibility.
- Lie on your stomach.
- Prop prop up your upper body with your elbows slowly. Keep the hips, legs and feet on the floor. Do not try to stretch beyond where you can breathe well and keep your hips in place.
- Hold for a count of ten, breathing deeply, then release.
You want to perform this exercise as often as you can, because it goes a long way towards improving back health. Your eventual goal is to be able to stretch your upper body as high as it will go, propping yourself up on your hands with straight arms. This is a good exercise to perform first thing in the morning and again before you go to bed.
Tips for Safe Stretching
It can be easy to forget the basics when you're desperate to feel strong, but please remember to be gentle and not exceed your body's limits. You will get stronger and more flexible with time. However, if you push too hard, you risk serious injury that will take even more time to heal.
Concentrate on your breathing! When a stretch is difficult, your instinct is to pant. Slow, deep breaths as used in yoga will help you center yourself and feel the stretch more fully.
Don't over-repeat. Work with your doctor to set reasonable goals for repetitions and hold times. When you feel strong enough, your doctor will help you re-establish a new stretching routine.
A Stronger Back Can Improve Symptoms
Once you get your doctor's approval to do exercise with a bulging disc condition, you will find that it takes some time to get used to exercising to manage pain. The potential benefits of a good exercise program for this condition make it worth a try. You may find exercise to be one of the most effective weapons against back pain and further injury.